免费智能真题库 > 历年试卷 > 信息系统管理工程师 > 2019年上半年 信息系统管理工程师 上午试卷 综合知识
  第74题      
  章/节:   专业英语       

 
Today, it’s hard to imagine any industry or business that has not been affected by computer-based information system and computer applications.
Most experts agree on the fundamental difference between data and information. Data are raw facts about the organization and its business transactions. Most data items have little meaning and use by themselves. Information is data that has been(71) and organized by processing and purposeful intelligence. The latter, purposeful intelligence, is crucial to the definition—People provide the purpose and the intelligence that produces true(72). In other words, data are a by-product of doing business. Information is a resource created from the data to serve the management and decision-making needs of business.
Information technology (IT) is a contemporary term that describes the combination of computer technology (hardware and software) with telecommunications technology (data, image, and voice networks). Information technology has created a data and information (73)in virtually all businesses. The ability of businesses to harness (利用)and manage this data and information has become a critical success factor in most businesses.
An information system is an arrangement of people, data, processes, information presentation, and information technology that interact to support and improve day-to-day operations in a business, as well as support the problem-solving and decision making needs of management and users. Stated simply, information systems(74)data into useful information. An information system exists with or without a computer. But when information technology is used, it significantly(75)the power and potential of most information systems.
 
 
  A.  modify
 
  B.  clean
 
  C.  transform
 
  D.  transfer
 
 
 

 
  第72题    2014年上半年  
   71%
Information systems planners in accordance with the specific information system planning methods developed information a..
  第71题    2013年上半年  
   68%
A management information system(71)the business managers the information that they need to make decisions. Early busines..
  第72题    2018年上半年  
   62%
Because the Internet(71) computers all over the world, any business that engages in electronic commerce instantly beco..
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